Bignoniaceae: Bat flower family
This family also known as the trumpet creeper family consists of around 100 genera and 800 species (Carr). The flowers are easy to mistake for Plantaginaceae's (Scrophs). However, most species in this family are large trees. Its considered the bat-flower family because many of the plants have large showy flowers that are pollinated by bats. The African Tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata) from the Ivory Coast of Africa is one species that has started to become invasive in Hawaii. Others include the sausage tree (Kigelia africana), the flame vine (Pyrostegia venusta), Tabebuia donnell-smithii, Jacaranda mimosifollia, and Psuedocalymma alliaceum, the garlic vine.
Systematics: This family is mostly non-herbaceous, whose leaves are compound, opposite and most flowers are very showy. The corolla and calyx are both 5 lobed, and the corolla is often 2-lipped.
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